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(Updated 12/15/2023 .  Refresh page for most recent.)

2023 Summary "Outstanding Season!"   **2023 Data**   
Our Super 2022 Season!   2022 Data 
 2021 Season   2020 Season   2019 Season   2018 Season   2017 Season   Before 2017   


  HOOK:  2023 Season Summary!

  HOOK:  How Far Is It?

pdf with "How Far" quiz       How Far page
2023 - An Exceptional Year!  

The 2023 Fall Season on Hook was exceptional.  Thanks to all of you who helped!  Your help is essential to the count, and submitting the count is essential to the watch. 

This season you got us:

     1 Roughleg - our first since 2010.
     1 Short-eared Owl - that last was in 2020.
     10,171 Broadwings - our first year of more than 10,000 since 2011.
     A record Redshoulder day of 421 - that's in 1 day, on 11/12!  The previous record was 402, set last year on 10/28/2022.
     A record 1980 Turkey Vultures, the 3rd year in a row with more than 1000.

Peregrines were the only species significantly below average this season.  There were only 16, half our 10-year average, and the lowest count since the 13 counted in 2007.

All Time Records - TOTALS SINCE 1971.  Each year we add to the counts from previous years.  The year we:

     Reached 140,000 Sharpies.  Now at 140,477 SSs.
     Reached 340,000 Broadwings.  Now at 347,625 BWs.  Who will count our 350,000th BW next fall?
     Reached 8000 Redshoulders.  We are now at 8256.
     Reached 10,000 Redtails.  We are now at 10,038.
     Reached 22,000 Kestrels.  We are now at 22,010.
     Reached 5 Short-eared Owls!  all since 2010

The 2023 Season Summary video above is from our end of season zoom meet.  It includes a neat comparison of species composition at Hook in our 1st decade (1970's) to our last decade.  It also includes highlights of the exciting days - for example, there were 7 days in September with excellent BW counts and 4 days with more than 100 Sharpies, one of which was over 200 !

The "How Far?" video and pdf link were generated from the zoom meet quiz.  They discuss the distances from Hook of the locations seen from the summit.  Have you wondered how far away the bridge is, or Croton Point, or Bear Mountain?  Take the quiz and then check out the video to see if your guess is right.    


Hook - Mid-Season Report 2023  
Oct 15 2023  
  Wonderful Broadwings!

Congratulations Hook Watchers!  

This has been a good season so far.  The Broadwings did very well, indeed. We had four days with more than 1000 BWs, three days with between 500 and 1000, and one day of 200, bringing our 2023 BW total to 10169!  That’s more than double our average of 4209.    

You did that! 
You climbed the mountain, and you were there to count those thousands as they flew over the summit.  Some flew really close, making sure you enjoyed the count!  Others presented the typical challenges as they flew along their journey high overhead against uniform blue skies. 
You accepted that challenge, and counted.  Thank you!     

The 2023 Season, with cumulative averages to date, is at:  

Along with our great Broadwing count, you also have tallied good numbers of Sharpies, Coopers, Kestrels, and Merlins.  All four of those species have counts that are about average for this date. 
Notably, you have counted more than 1000 Sharpies and more than 200 Kestrels.  These are my yearly targets for confidence that the species are not at the seriously low counts of some earlier years. 
So, keep on counting!  We need the full count to assess their status this year.  

With more weeks to go, our focus will be towards the Redshoulders, Goshawks, Goldens, and Redtails that are yet to come.  Be sure to help us continue to count!  There are good views of neat species ahead! 
Will you find our first Gos this year?   
Will we get a day with more than one Golden?   

Help us find out.  Check out the schedule  at .  We have Mon to Thur covered, but still need coverage for Fri to Sun for each weekend.  Let me know if you can help.  


Hook - 2022 Summary  
Dec 31 2022  
2022, alias:     The Year of the Red-shouldered Hawk!

We had a record count of 1067 Red-shouldered Hawks that was more than twice our previous record of 439!  Check out the video.
  Hook Mountain, Fall 2022
(Turn on audio when ready - hoover lower right, click on speaker icon.) 

Video by Trudy Battaly

  Hook Mountain Hawk Watch on Bird Chat 
(Turn on audio when ready - hoover lower right, click on speaker icon.)

 Trudy Battaly and Drew Panko
 Saw Mill River Audubon Bird Chat  Aug 23, 2022
TABLE OF CONTENTS - timeline for topics

  2021:  The Year of the Golden Eagle 
We counted 14 Goldens this season, with 7 on Nov 4! 
That's our 2nd best count since 1971.  There were 20 in 2006.

 We also had record counts for Turkey Vulture (1330) and Cooper's Hawk (350). 
Check out our numbers at 2021 Data and Since 1971, then join
us on the mountain for the fun, the science, and the hawks!

    Felicia's Interview     2021 Data       
2020 Summary      2020 Data     2019 Summary     2019 Data  
2019 Season Begins         2018 Season Summary

  Felicia Napier Counts Hawks during Interview 
(Turn on audio when ready - hoover lower right, click on speaker icon.)

 Ryan MacLean Interviews Felicia for Audubon Hawk Week
October, 2020
Open video directly

Hook - 2020 Summary  
Dec 31 2020  
2020, alias:     The Year of the Bald Eagle,     The Year of the Vultures,     The Year of the Kestrel...

We had records for Bald Eagle and both vultures, our 2nd highest year for Shoulders, and a great return of Kestrels.  Check out the video.
  Hook Mountain, Fall 2020
(Turn on audio when ready - hoover lower right, click on speaker icon.) 

Video by Trudy Battaly

Hook Update - Fall 2020
Oct 4 2020
Happy 50th to All!

This is the 50th season of counting hawks on Hook Mountain.  We were started by Stiles Thomas in 1971, and it is with great appreciation of Stiles' initiative and the dedication of all the hawk watchers who have contributed in these years, that we conduct this 50th hawk count season. 

Broad-winged Hawks
The Broadwings came to visit us in this special year - with a big improvement over last year's count.   We have had two days of over 1000, with our highest BW count of 2618 on Sep 19.  In fact, we are seeing more of most species - a delight for all.  This is likely a result of more days of NorthWest winds and cooler temperatures.  

Sharp-shinned Hawks
Yesterday, Oct 3, was our best day this season for Sharpies.  This is quite a surprise, since the historical norm for Hook is to have two days in September of more than 100.  But not 2020.  For all of Sep our highest Sharpie count was 59.  Then came Oct 3, and  there were 127 Sharpies!!   So, this season may be later than most for other species as well.

Need More Counters
We still need more counters for this season, especially for Mondays and Saturdays.  If you can help, please let me know.  We are a volunteer hawk watch, dependent on our dedicated hawk watchers.  Our counts contribute to our own data, but also to the database for the NorthEast Hawk Watch (NEHW) and the Hawk Migration Association of North America (HMANA). 

Join us this year, and be part of our 50th Season!!


Hook - 2019 Summary  
Dec 31 2019  
Both Fun! and Disappointment...

The Fun -
The 2019 Season at Hook Mountain was a mix of fun and disappointment.  Local hawks like Redtails flew so close they just missed our heads as they dove down on the owl decoy (see video).  And, we delighted at the sight of so many Bald Eagles, many flying directly overhead or below eye level around the mountain.  We see lots more than we count – those headed north or east don't make the list. 
  Redtail Action at Hook Mountain, Fall 2019 

Video by Trudy Battaly

Low Counts -
But, our old regulars, our most numerous migrants – Broadwings, Sharpies, and Kestrels – all had low counts this season.  In fact, counts for all species were below the 10 year average!  And, four species had record low counts:  Northern Harrier (35), Sharp-shinned Hawk (799), Red-tailed Hawk (22) and American Kestrel (139).  That's all-time low counts, since 1971, for four species! 

See:  Hook Daily Counts, 2019           Hook Yearly Counts since 1971, with averages

Not Explained by Fewer Hours
We also had fewer days and fewer hours of coverage than in all other years since 2004.  This definitely contributed to the low numbers; yet the four record low species also had low hawks per hour.  The numbers were definitely down.

So, there were two bottom lines for Hook in 2019.  1st not enough hawks, and 2nd not enough coverage.
Next Year will be Better!
The bright side is that next year has to be better!  After all, 2018 was such a good year that we counted more Sharpies than in 22 other years.  That was only one year earlier.  So, the numbers suggest that 2020 will swing back to a larger count.

2020 - Hook's 50th Year!
And, 2020 is Hook's 50th Year!  50 years of hawk watching on Hook is something to celebrate throughout the season!  All of you have been a part of our watch and contributed to our numbers in years past.  It would be so neat to have you help us with our Year50 count next season.  So, plan to spend time on Hook next year.  Bring a friend along to share the Hook experience, and be sure to take a picture of yourself on Hook so we can include it as part of our 50th Year.  See you then!  


Hook Update - Fall 2019
Sep 13 2019
Happy International Hawk Migration Week!
Celebrate on Hook Mountain!

It is hawk watch season! and the Broadwings are about to descend on us. We always hope for more than last year, and always enjoy those we see. The wonder of migration captures our imagination as we watch the hawks flying overhead on their way to South America. Last spring at the NEHW conference one of the talks was about following the Broadwings along their flyway to their winter destinations on a bicycle! But, no bikes for me! I will follow my norm and head for the Hook. Come up and join me. The Broadwing season starts tomorrow!

The big question is: Which day will have the big kettles for all to see? Will it be between Sep 14 and 17, as it was for 11 of the years since 2004? Or will it be between Sep 19 and 22, as happened for 9 years since 2004? Since 2004, the days with more than 1000 Broadwings include the dates Sep 14 to Sep 22. The date that occurred most frequently is Sep 16, having had big Broadwing counts in 5 of the 15 years. The next highest frequency was 3 years, occurring on Sep 15, Sep 21, and Sep 22.

Included here are two graphs of the big count days for the years since 2004. The first graph shows the date along the horizontal line so we can see how the big Broadwing counts have been distributed across their flight period. This clearly shows Sep 16 occurring most frequently: in the years 2007, 2008, 2011, 2012, and 2015. It also shows Sep 18 as not having a big count in any year since 2004. 
Big BW days since 2004
The second graph shows the year along the horizontal line to show patterns occurring from year to year. 
Big Days for BW at Hook by Year
We see some interesting things here.  There are 4 years with more than 1 big Broadwing day – 2006, 2009, 2011, and 2014.  In all of those years the first big day was on or before Sep 17.  (That's only 4 days from now!)  Also, the last 3 years with late big days are not as unusual as I thought.  There were late big days as far back as 2005.  What is interesting, though, is that before 2011, the big days seem to be more or less random, whereas from 2011 to 2015 there were only early big days, and then only late days since 2016.

This all makes predicting a big Broadwing day pretty difficult. Will our pattern of the last few years continue, with a big day late in their flight period? Or will we return to the previous pattern of an early big day? Will we be lucky enough to get 2 big days this season? Our graphs show that a big day can occur on any one of those days. If we get an early big day this season, it could be any day from now through Wed. A few of the watch sites in northern New England have already had big days - yesterday (9/12) and today (9/13). We know that Broadwings like thermals, so the optimal day is mostly sunny and has light winds, when thermals can develop and be sustained. Weather forecasts look good for most of this week. Of course, I am rooting for Thur 9/19 because that's when Drew and I are scheduled. But, it would also be fun to get it on Wed 9/18 to fill in that gap in the graph! Any day is likely to have Broadwings in good numbers. So, pick a day, climb the mountain, and enjoy!

Need More Counters
We need more counters for this season, especially for Mondays and Fridays.  If you can help, please let me know.  We are a volunteer hawk watch, dependent on our dedicated hawk watchers.  Our counts contribute to our own data, but also to the database for the NorthEast Hawk Watch (NEHW) and the Hawk Migration Association of North America (HMANA).  Join us in our efforts for a better understanding of migration trends for our raptor species. 


Hook Update - Fall 2019  
Aug 21 2019  
Hello Hawk Watchers!

The Hook Mountain Hawk Watch season is  beginning on Sep 1.  This is our 49th season, and our volunteer counters have counted almost 540,000 hawks since 1971, including more than 325,000 Broad-winged Hawks.  Last year we saw a return of the Sharp-shinned Hawk to the skies over Hook!  What a delight!  The 3 years prior - 2015, 2016, and 2017 -were record low years for Sharpies, with lower numbers in each succeeding year.   In 2018 we broke that pattern and counted 2337, more than in 22 other years!   Did you help us count those Sharpies last year?  Thank you for being there! 
Join us again this year.  We need your eyes to count all of this year's Sharpies, along with as many other species as we can find.

Be sure to check out our other 2018 successes in the summary video, from the luncheon last year, including: 
     > Record Black Vultures
     > Record Turkey Vultures
     > Record Red-shouldered Hawks, at 30% above the previous high, with 78 in one day!

Looking forward to counting hawks with you on the Hook,

Hook - Fall 2018 Summary

This 2018 summary was presented at our December Luncheon,
along with summaries of 4 other watches in the area:
Fire Island, State Line, Mount Peter, and Bear Mountain.

Our Hawk Watchers

Hawk Watchers from 5 watch sites in the NY Metro region, at our December Luncheon
Hook Mountain, Fire Island, State Line, Mount Peter, and Bear Mountain.


Hook Update - Fall 2018  
Sep 9 2018  
Hello Hawk Watchers!

The Hook Mountain Hawk Watch season has begun!  This is our 48th season, and our volunteer counters have counted more than 530,000 hawks since 1971, including more than 320,000 Broad-winged Hawks.  Last year Hook had the 2nd highest single day count for Broadwings in the whole NorthEast - 3164 on Sep 22.  Were you there that day?

Broadwing Season
Days of more than 1000 Broadwings -the Grand Counts - have occurred on various dates in September.  In 2014 we had Grand Counts on two days in a row - 2448 on 9/14 and 1349 on 9/15.  In 2011 it was 14,670 on 9/17, our best count this century!  All these dates, and Grand Counts for every other year, have occurred during the concentrted flight period of 2 weeks - Sep 10 to Sep 23.  And, this year's Broadwing season is about to begin.  So, come up to Hook and help us!  We need your eyes to spot them.

Hook in Action
This year has already seen some drama on the Hook:  an immature Bald Eagle chasing a kiting Red-tailed Hawk (Trudy), a Kestrel - chased by a Cooper's Hawk - escaping across the valley and over the high school (John), a Merlin zooming across the summit 3 times trying to flush up some lunch (Drew), and a pair of Peregrines patrolling the Hook all day (Danielle, Felicia).  There is so much to be seen and so much fun seeing it.  Join us!

Looking forward to seeing you on the Hook,
Red-tailed Hawk hovers, then dives for lunch.  8/31/18 
American Kestrel at Hook
Kestrel takes Brad's colors as a challenge! 9/8/18
Brad Klein at Hook 
The Rainbow Cowboy Hawk Watcher

Hook - Fall 2017 Summary

This 2017 summary was presented at our December Luncheon,
along with summaries of 4 other watches in the area:
Fire Island, State Line, Mount Peter, and Bear Mountain.

Hook Update - Fall 2017
Oct 22 2017
Broad-winged Hawks

The hawks have been flying at Hook! We welcomed days with North winds and cool temperatures in September this season, a big change

Broad-winged Hawks

The hawks have been flying at Hook! We welcomed days with North winds and cool temperatures in September this season, a big change from the very hot September days of the last couple of years. With the return of bygone weather, we also had a few more hawks, with 4952 Broad-winged Hawks, more than the last 2 years and just about at average. This is well above our median count of 3405, often considered more typical than the average. So, we did well with Broadwings this year, thanks to your dedication to being on the Hook!  (See Fall 2017 Dailies.)  For a comparison of the strikingly different winds in September 2016 and September 2017, see below.

Other Species at Average:  Golden Eagle and Merlin (59)

John, Vince, and Steve enjoyed seeing our only Golden Eagle of the year so far. It was a close view, and we all wish we were there that day. Our next Golden will be the 200th all-time Golden Eagle at Hook. I can’t wait to find out which day it will be, and which of us will get to see it! Dates for Golden sightings in the last 3 years were:

2014: 10/25, 10/27 (2), 10/31, 11/7, 11/11

2015: 10/16, 10/17, 10/19, 10/23 (2), 10/30 (2), 10/31, 11/14, 11/23

2016: 11/6 (2), 11/18, 11/23 (2)

For the dates above when 2 Goldens passed over Hook, the following winds are noted on Wunderground, using wind speed as average > gusts:

WNW 9>23, NNW 10>28, WNW 10>23, NNW 11>29, NW 12>25.

Drew is right – he always says that Goldens like the blustery days. So, be sure to get up to Hook on any of the next blustery days.  

Bald Eagle immatureBald Eagle checks us out!  10/19/17  Note the uneven border of the remiges on this immature

Possible Record Highs - Bald Eagle and Peregrine Falcon

Our good news for the season are our above average hawks. As expected, these include Bald Eagles, currently at a count of 164. We need 34 more to reach a new record. Last year we counted 40 in the time remaining, so a new record is possible.

Our surprise of this season is the Peregrine Falcon.  We have counted 49 so far.  Our record year of 54 was 1990, a year when numbers were low on the barrier beach but high inland.  I had not expected to get close to the record for years, but we only have 6 Peregrines to go for a new record!  Last year we counted 11 PGs after Oct 22, so a new record is very possible, perhaps even likely.

Possible Record Low - Sharp-shinned Hawk

We have counted 1070 Sharpies so far. Our record low, in 2016, was 1426, so we need almost 400 to avoid a new record low. Hopefully we will do that. The adults are moving through now, so there will be more to come. But, on average we can expect only about 255 more to come. Hopefully, I am wrong about this one, but it looks very much like we will hit a new low for our beloved Sharpies.

Kestrels are still below average: a count of 190 compared to an average of 221 by Oct 22. We have already past the low of 152 for the year in 2008, so at least it will not be a record low year. And, there is hope that we can break 200 again this year.

So, be sure to come up to Hook and help us count!


September Winds during the Broadwing Season

Below are two graphs that require a bit of interpretation.  They show wind direction for September 2016 and September 2017.  The vertical axis at left represents clockwise degrees from north.  Both 0⁰  and 360⁰   represent north, so North is both at the top and at the bottom of each graph.  The top square represents NW winds, and the bottom square represents NE winds.  The middle line, at 180⁰ represents South winds.  The two vertical lines show the bounds of our typical Broadwing season, from Sep 10 to Sep 24.

 The difference in the wind patterns for the two years is striking, with a jumbled mix of winds in 2016, when the Broadwing flight was weak and late; and north winds predominant this year, with our stronger flight.

winds for BW season in 2016 and 2017

Wind History: Wunderground

2016:  2016 was the year when we thought the Broadwings would never come.  Looking at the winds above, 9/11 and 9/14 both had NW winds and look good for hawks.  However, further investigation shows high winds on 9/11, and rain with thunderstorms on 9/14 and 9/15, inhibiting migration.  By 9/20 the winds had more or less shifted towards North, and the BWs finally came.  Our 2 days with counts of more than 100 finally arrived with 2212 BWs on 9/21 and 176 on 9/24. 

2017:  The two days with our highest Broadwing counts this year were 9/11 with 839 and 9/22 with 3164.  These days are noted on the graph by the boxes on the horizontal axis.  Note that each of these occurred after 2 days of sustained NW or NNW winds.  The only other days with triple digit counts were 9/10 with 100 and 9/12 with 377.  These days also were preceded by a day or more of NW winds. 

We have known for years that our Broadwing flights were associated with light winds and well developed thermals.  We also suspected that their numbers were effected by winds.  These graphs support the wind hypothesis.

The Broadwings are coming! along with International Hawk Migration Week, 2017
are dark morph Browdwing Hawk at Hook Mountain

The Broadwing season is here, and along with it, the International Hawk Migration Week (IHMW).  IHMW begins this Saturday, Sep 16, and continues to Sunday, Sep 24.  It is sponsored by HMANA, the Hawk Migration Association of North America, to celebrate the wonder and phenomenon of hawk migration across the continent.

Broad-winged Hawks are our most numerous species at Hook.  They migrate over Hook from now to Sep 24, accounting for 50% of our total hawks in just 2 weeks.  They peaked on Sep 16 for five of the last 17 years, and the median peak date is Sep 17.  This past weekend had very favorable weather conditions for the whole Northeast, and many watch sites north of us have counted hundreds already.  And three sites, in Maine, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire, had more than 1000 on Sunday.  So, the Broad-wings are headed this way!  They are coming, and will be flying right over your heads any minute now!

We marvel at the hawks of all species flying overhead.  The experience is always personal and special.  You never forget the first time a Goshawk or a Peregrine or a Red-tail is close enough to look straight into your eyes as it flies overhead.  You wonder – did it breed in Canada or the US?  Will it winter in South America, Mexico, or Florida?  We only glimpse a portion of their lives as they move across our landscape.  Yet that glimpse connects us directly to the natural world surrounding us - on the Hook, along the Hudson, along the beach, across the ridges.  It also connects us indirectly to their destinations throughout the Americas, where they need healthy environments to overwinter.

             Experience the magic!                 Come and help us count hawks on Hook!
                    Celebrate the remarkable phenomenon of hawk migration!

Trudy                                               Directions to Hook
The 2017 Season Begins! 
are dark morph Browdwing Hawk at Hook Mountain
      We counted 43 hawks of 9 species in August, so we have a good start on the season.  On Sep 1 we had a dark morph Broad-winged Hawk pass between Nyack and the Hook headed due west.  Neat sighting!  They are unusual in the east!

Seasons before 2017
***   Hook Luncheon   ***
Saturday, Dec 6 2014   Season Summary Video
We celebrated our hawks!  We celebrate our Watchers!


2014 Count Season Summary      
2013 Count Season Summary 2012 Count Season Summary
2011 Count Season Summary:  The BIG Year 2010 Count Season Summary
2009 Count Season Summary 2008 Count  
We Did It!!

*** New Record of Red-shouldered Hawks!! ***
We've counted 219 so far. 
Old record was 194, set in 1999. 

October 31, 2014  See dailies for most recent

The Shoulders are still moving through! Not only did we break the record, but we are ahead of the record by 25!   And we have another 10 days to 2 weeks left to their flight season at Hook.   There were double digit numbers of RSs in 6 of the last 8 days, with a resounding 64 counted on Halloween.   The big questions at this point are:    "How many more are coming?"    "Does this reflect a real population increase?" 

Webpage Updates in 2014

Webpage Updates in 2013
American Kestrel:  Cause for Concern Broad-winged Hawk Northern Harrier
Merlin:  Good News Red-tailed Hawk ct: Falcons at FIRE
Peregrine:  More Now Red-shouldered Hawk Since 1971

Up Close and Personal

How Close?

Action Videos at Hook!


  Hook on the Radio (start 9:45)


click for action video
Slow motion Red-tailed Hawk on swoop to owl.  (Click for normal speed.)

Join the fun!  Directions.

Photos by Steve Sachs - great stuff!
Cooper's Hawk Video

Fall 2010 CountRecord BV, BE, and CH!
Fall 2009 Count:  Record BE, 125! RL!
Fall 2008 Count:  SK!! Record BE, 82!
Fall 2007 Count:  Record BV, 46!
Fall 2006 Count:  Record GE, 20!
Fall 2005 Count Record CH, 278!
Fall 2004 Count:
  Record CH, 185

We are an all volunteer group of hawk watchers, and we need your help!  Please contact Trudy if you can take the count for a day.  If you would like to learn, we will pair you up with one of our watchers.

Sited just above the Hudson River, we see Eagles and Peregrines regularly.     The problem is deciding which are actually migrating, and therefore countable.   We often see them flying up and down the Hudson, more than we actually count.

 You can enjoy these beautiful hawks, and our spectacular view!  If you
can help to count, even
for a day,
we need you! 
Contact Trudy.

Golden Eagle, 10/19/06:  video (6000KB)

Updated:  12/15/2023  

Records (coming soon) Hawk Watchers Report forms:  excelpdf
Important Bird Area Directions Hook Mountain State Park

  Find the Action here!

Hawk Data for Hook Mountain

Hawks at Hook:  Yearly, since 1971
Bald Eagle:   seasonal data
Sharp-shinned:  seasonal data
Am. Kestrel:  seasonal data

If you are a hawkwatcher and willing to keep the count, we need you!  Contact Trudy Battaly,, if you can help.  (Unless otherwise noted, photos by Trudy Battaly.)

Bat's Bytes Hook FIRE NEHW HMANA

Updated:  12/15/2023